The Structures of Hats – Aung Crown
The structures of hats. The design of a hat is based on the head and the core aim is to beautify and protect the wearer’s face and cover the shortages of the face. To achieve this goal, it needs to get through the design of the structure and sewn craft to complete the final design process.
The key factors in styling a hat are composed of color, material, and ornament. The most important factor is styling. The styles and functions of a hat are closely related to the shape of a head. No matter what kind of hat is, a hat fits a head. The shape of a head is close to a ball, which is determining the shape of a hat’s sphere.
The Basic Structure of Hats
According to the hat styling, hats can be sorted into bucket hats and panel caps as below.
The Method of Measuring A Head
The measure of head circumference (HS)
Before the hairline as a benchmark through the root of the ear at 1 cm, through the lower edge of the occipital bone around the measurement of the circumference of the week obtained is called cap circumference. With HS said (Figure 3-54).
Hat before and after the length measurement (FBL)
From the front hairline through the top of the head to the lower edge of the occipital bone after the length of the hat before and after the length of the hat, with FBL said (Figure 3-55).
Hat left and right length measurement (RL)
Measured by the top of the head between the two ears on the root of the distance between 1cm is called the hat left and right length, with RL said (Figure 3-56).
The Theory of A Hat’s Structure
The theory of crown of panel caps
The typical panel caps are sports caps, golf caps, women rounded caps, etc. All the crowns of these caps are composed of this structure theory. According to the design needs, it can be categorized into 4 panels, 5 panels, 6 panels, 8 panels, etc.
In the structure design, firstly, we need to regard a head as a 360° circle, then cut the circle by the number of panels. More panels mean that the top of a hat is flatter, and the crown of a hat is more plumper and rounded.
The theory structure of flat-top hats
This kind of hat is designed to protect sun protection and the common hats are women’s and men’s bowler hats, sun hats, etc. Then, the structure of this kind of hat is divided into top, crown, and brim. The common change is differing from the wide and the tilting of the brim. As the tilting angle increases, the brim becomes narrower; conversely, as the titling angle decreases, the brim widens.
By examining the image displayed below, one can perceive a correlation between the brim’s width and the degree of its tilt, with a wider brim resulting in a greater tilt.
Hat Structure drawing example
1. Wide-brim bucket hats structure drawing example
An example is a wide-brim bucket hat. Bucket hats, also called fisherman caps, are with a brim. Hence, this type of hat is suitable for outdoor in the summer season. Usually, the fabrics are thin and hard fabrics, like cotton, hemp chemical fiber, etc.
The key drawing points of a women’s bucket hat are included in 3 parts: top, crown, and brim. In a horizontal state, the brim is flat without any tilting. Usually, the top of the hat drawing is typically undifferentiated in terms of front, back, or left and right. When appropriate changes are made, the design requirements can accommodate the small front and large oval of the human head structure. When drawing, if the cap circumference is increased by 2 cm, then that amount gets deducted from the below pictures due to the production of sweat strips.
2. Women’s 8-panel beret hat drawing example
The analysis of the 8-panel beret abandoned the brim, worn backward or to the right collapsed, very suitable for women’s outdoor wear in the fall and winter, the fabric can be used tweed, wool fiber blend, and other medium-thick fabrics.
The key drawing points of women’s 8-panel beret are relatively simple. Usually, it’s not distinguishing front, back or right from left. Finally, please chart the cap circumference plus put 2cm as the production of sweat strips to place on.
3. The structure of two-panel berets
The analysis of the two-panel beret below is flat and brimless. The top of the hat is wide and flat. So, this kind of hat is suitable for women and men to wear outdoors in the fall and winter seasons. The common fabrics are tweed, wool-fiber blends, and other medium-thick fabrics.
The main drawing point of the two-panel beret is not distinguishing front, back or right from left. Then, structural drawings are required to be combined with the process modeling to add and release processing. In general, the circumference of the top of the cap is smaller than the circumference of the cap body, and the drawing of the cap circumference should be added and put 2cm where the sweatband placed during the production.
4. Women’s fashionable hats
In the analysis of this hat style, the brim is wide and low. Then, the crown and the top of the hat are fussed together, made with 4 panels. It’s popular among women in the fall and winter seasons. In general, it’s made from medium-thick fabrics, such as tweed, woolen tartan, etc.
When it comes to the structure of hats, there are several key points to consider. The depth and width of the inner mouth of the hat determine its downward curvature and angle. The length of the cap body also affects the overall structure, particularly in the middle section where it impacts the modeling. Additionally, the drawing process requires a combination of technology and modeling to ensure proper processing. Furthermore, when drawing the cap circumference, it is recommended to add an additional 2cm to accommodate the sweatband placement.
5. Women’s casual floppy hats
This women’s casual floppy hat is composed of a brim, top and crown. Then, the crown is loose and soft with sewn drawstrings on the side. Therefore, this hat is suitable to match casual outfits at the beginning of fall. In addition, this kind of hat is usually made with middle-thin fabrics, like flannel, tweed, and blends.
The mapping points are the width and depth of the brim because this decides the curve and tilt of the brim. Also affects the height of the crown. Furthermore, according to the styling needs, the hat circumference can be adjusted.
6. Duck-tongue cap structure drawing
Firstly, the duck-tongue cap is famous for its duck-tongue brim. The whole look presents a sharpen-low front and a round-high back. Then, the top of the hat is flat, concealing the front closure with a tongue. In the beginning, it was designed for males, however, it’s popular among females. In addition, there are many fabrics to choose from to make a duck-tongue cap. Finally, different fabrics have different styles.
The main drawing point of a duck-tongue cap is complex. The inner depth and width decide the whole design size and the fit between the head and the top of the cap. What’s more, according to the different needs of designing, the top of the cap can be adjusted to cut.
7. Sports cap structure drawing
There are also panels on a sports cap. The crown is a sphere shape and the brim is duck-tongue-like. Most are for males, but now it’s also popular among females. What’s more, there are many fabrics to choose from to make a sports cap. Different fabrics have different styles.
Drawing points of the structure of the sports cap body drawing according to the number of flaps will be the top of the cap, the cap around the 360 division, and the width of the tongue can be designed to adjust the curvature and obliquity can be through the depth of the mouth and the width of the size of the setting to change.
There are many differences in the structures of hats, not only those we discussed above. In addition, after knowing all the details of each one, you can try to make your own cap or choose online better.